Justice of the Peace is the oldest legalistic position in New Zealand. Joseph Kendall was appointed our first JP in 1814, based at the mission settlement in the Bay of Islands, Northland. JPs have been serving their community for more than 200 years! All JPs carry out Ministerial duties, while some undergo further training to carry out Judicial duties.
Ministerial JP duties include
- Taking Affidavits, Oaths and Declarations
- Witnessing signatures
- Certifying copies
- Certifying proof of identity
Judicial duties include
- Conduct trials and make decisions for infringement notices and some summary offences
- Hearing bail applications and requests for remands and adjournments
JPs may also officiate at private ceremonies to administer the Oath or Affirmation for those adopting New Zealand Citizenship.
Some JPs also perform other related services in the community:
- Nominated Persons: supporting Children and Young Persons during police interviews
- Issuing Officers: checking/signing-off search warrants
- Duties under the Mental Health Act
- Observers at General and Local Government Elections